Strategic Lawering Paris Lyon Bruxelles

Contracts

Published at 30 April 2019
E-newsletter: April 2019
In a decision dated February 13, 2019, the Cour de cassation (French Supreme Court) confirmed that a jurisdiction clause stipulated in connection with a sale agreement and included in the general terms of sale may extend to tort disputes likely to arise between the parties.
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Published at 30 May 2018
Author : Flore Foyatier
Category : Civil Law, Contracts
E-newsletter: May 2018
Ordinance n°2016-131 of February 10, 2016 for the reform of contract law, the general regime of obligations and proof of obligations came into force on October 1, 2016. This reform was primarily aimed at codifying established and settled case-law principles but it also introduced new legal concepts and obligations. Law n° 2018-287 dated April 20, 2018 – which ratifies the aforementioned Ordinance – was published in the Official Journal on April 21, 2018. This Law does not only ratify the February 10, 2016 Ordinance. It also brings about a number of changes. Some of them are quite significant, others without any real impact. Most of these changes will become effective on October 1, 2018 but some others will apply retroactively as from October 1, 2016.
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Published at 30 May 2018
Author : Anaëlle Idjeri
E-newsletter: May 2018
While it did not drastically alter the changes brought about by Ordinance n° 2016-131 of February 10, 2016, the Ratification Law n° 2018-287 of April 20, 2018 did modify some aspects of French contract law and introduced a distinction between substantive amendments that will become effective as from the entry into force of the Ratification Law, i.e. October 18, 2018, and so-called “interpretative” amendments that will apply retroactively to contracts entered into on and after October 1, 2016. This article provides a non-exhaustive overview of the provisions of the Ratification Law which have a practical implication on business law, in particular at the formation of the contract and throughout its performance.
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Published at 28 September 2016
Author : Flore Foyatier
Category : Contracts
E-newsletter: September 2016
The reform, which enshrines two hundred years of court decisions, amends, re-numbers, deletes and creates numerous articles of the Civil Code of the French derived from the Law of 30 ventôse of year XII under the French revolutionary calendar, which later became the Napoleonic Code and then the Civil Code. While the French Civil Code abandons some concepts deemed obsolete or inappropriate, such as the notion of cause (within the meaning of French law), it codifies a number of essential case-law developments, e.g. contractual negotiations, unilateral promises, economic duress, theory of unforeseeability, fraudulent concealment, defense to non-performance, etc., with a view to modernizing French law and increasing legal certainty.
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Published at 29 August 2016
Category : Business Law, Contracts
E-newsletter: July / August 2016
The provisions set forth in Ordinance n°2016-131 of February 10, 2016 for the reform of contract law, the general regime of obligations and proof of obligations (the “Ordinance”) will come into force on October 1, 2016 and apply to all contracts entered into on or after said date. This major overhaul of French contract law will entail practical changes in contractual practices with respect to distribution agreements. This Article provides a few examples of anticipated changes regarding the formation, performance and substance of distribution agreements.
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Published at 28 June 2016
Author : Flore Foyatier
Category : Contracts
E-newsletter: June 2016
In a judgment dated May 3, 2016 , the Court of Appeals of Versailles provided a new illustration of a long established case-law according to which the general terms of a party are contractually binding only if they have been accepted, at the time the contract was formed, by the party against whom such terms are intended to be enforced. This judgment is reminiscent to a similar decision handed down by the Court of Appeals of Versailles on January 5, 2016 in a case where we represented the party against whom the enforcement of a jurisdiction clause set forth in its own general terms of purchase was sought.
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